Need help with my writing homework on Factors Influencing the Formulation of Maritime Policy at International Level. Write a 2000 word paper answering; The institution was charged with the responsibility of establishing the necessary maritime policy that would guide the use of the maritime resources amongst nations, while at the same time enhancing safety and sustainability of the marine life (Gold, 1986:42). The institution has been in existence since then, having established a range of regulations that guide the international maritime environment through international convention agreements, with a membership of 171 countries by 2010 (Quevauviller, Roose & Verreet, 2011:13). Nevertheless, despite the existence of an institution that is tasked with the establishment of the maritime policy regulations, the policy process is still wanting in many aspects, owing to the abstractness of the sovereignty of the marine resources, which makes it difficult to establish binding policies that will eliminate all the maritime conflicts between nations. Therefore, the following are some of the factors that influence the formulation of maritime policy at the international levels:
The closer analysis of the maritime policy formulation process suggests that the formulation of these policies is largely a factor of the economic circumstances, as opposed to the rational decision-making of the policy formulators (Jin, 2006:12). Maritime transport is a concept that dates back to many centuries ago, and the effect of this mode of transport has been the globalization of the world. Thus, the mere fact that ships and other water vessels need to move from one place to the other through foreign territories is a reason enough to indicate that regulations guiding such movements must be established (Victor, 1998:33). Considering that maritime transport was the basic means of undertaking international trade before the human civilization that later created the road, rail and air transport, rules regulating the mode in which international trade through water was undertaken became necessary.