write a phd level essay using apa guidelines 1 200 1 300 words

Mental Imagery and Its Limitations

Write a PhD Level essay using APA guidelines (1,200-1,300 words)


Much attention was given to mental imagery in athletics (particularly tennis) in the 1960s and 1970s under the heading of visualization as a way to improve personal performance. The idea was to practice specific physical actions and to visualize them being successfully completed without actually doing them.

General Requirements:

Use the following information to ensure successful completion of the assignment:

  • Prepare this assignment according to the APA guidelines.


Write an essay (1,200-1,300 words) in which you discuss whether this practice of visualizing successful completion of physical activities is “pop psychology” and mysticism or whether the practice has research-supported underpinnings.

Using current research, make recommendations for improving the technique, or argue that it now is obsolete.


Visualization in Completion of Physical Activity a Myth or Research Supported

Recommendations for Improvements or Argue the Obsolete Attempt


Here are some references I have found…if you find other scholarly articles you may use them as well. There must me in text citations. Do not use more than 3 quotations if any.

Please use a greater attention to detail in terms of proof reading in order to assess flow and consistency. Do not make statements or vague references (i.e. Philosophy of the mind views humans as thinking animals…or Dualists differ in their view that…) without supporting documentation. Just no broad statements without support.


Hausenblas, H. A., Hall, C. R., Rodgers, W. M. & Munroe, K. J. (1999) Exercise imagery: its

nature and measurement. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 11(2), 171-180. doi:10.1080/10413209908404198

Jones, G., Hanton, S. & Connaughton, D. (2007). A framework of mental toughness in the world’s best performers. The Sport Psychologist, 21(2), 243-264. doi:10.1123/tsp.21.2.243

Keogh, R. & Pearson, K. R. (2011). Mental imagery and visual working memory. PLoS One, 6(12), 34-45. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0029221

Lepsien, J. & Nobre, A. (2006). Cognitive control of attention in the human brain: Insights from orienting attention to mental representations. Brain Research, 1105(1), 20-31. doi:10.1016/j.brainres.2006.03.033

Quill, W. (2006). The quantum image and the mental event:Primary units of analysis for a reconceptualized science psychology. Journal of Mental Imagery, 30(4), 56-74.

Sternberg, R. (2006). Critical thinking in psychology. In R. Sternberg, H. Roediger III, & D. Halpern (Eds.), Critical Thinking in Psychology, 289-296. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. doi:10.1017/cbo9780511804632.018

Weinberg, R. (2008). Does imagery work? Effects on performance and mental skills. Journal of Imagery Research in Sport and Physical Activity, 3(1), 1-21. doi:10.2202/1932-0191.1025