Provide a 8 pages analysis while answering the following question: Advanced and Critical Reflective Practice. Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide. An abstract is required. i. Reflection prior to action. Reed and Proctor (1993) assert that this type of reflection occurs before an action is taken. The practitioner is expected to look back at what has been done and generate appropriate guidelines to use in accomplishing a forthcoming task.
ii. Reflection in action. Schon (1987) refers to this as thinking on one’s feet. This is where the practitioner reflects in person while undertaking the given task. A good example of this case is where a writer is writing a given story and leaves out the setting. this can be corrected with help from a reflection in action.
iii. Reflection on action. This type of reflection involves reviewing an incident with hindsight i.e. the practitioner looks back at what has been done and carries out a review of the actions, product and thoughts of the accomplished work (Reed and Proctor 1993).
A good reflective practice is dependent on event interpretation and memory. A number of models have been proposed for reflective practice and are in two categories: structured and cyclical models. The former comprises exercises (question and answer) that more experienced practitioners may find limiting (Burton 2000) while the latter provides the practitioner with a framework to act as a guide in the reflection on action way of thinking. The figure below shows an example of a reflection on the action model.
John Dewey, a leading educational philosopher during the early 20th century argued that native America’s traditional learning was rigid, insufficient and stagnant compared to the development of the then society and economy, a feat that is yet to be realized as some critics argue (Schon, 1987). In addition, Reed and Proctor (1993) believed that learning practices that are child-centered should be employed as a heart for learning as this develops into a lived experience for the individual as he/she grows. The development of reflective thinking was vital to Dewey’s philosophy. he believed .that the beginning of reflection is when one is in a state of doubt or perplexity. .