Chronic Illness and Rehabilitation Paper

Develop a realistic case and Identify a chronic illness and its relationship to rehabilitation. Could be from a previous experience on your career.

  1. Identify chronic illness and its relationship to rehabilitation.
    Choose from one:
    COPD, CHF, Stroke, Hip fracture
  2. Create interventions that support an older adult’s adaptation to the chronic illness or disability.
  3. Describe the nurse’s role in assisting older adults in managing chronic conditions.
  4. From your readings and knowledge which opportunities do you think can be change in the health care system to improve care for older adults with chronic illness and disability.


Submission Instructions:

  • The paper is to be clear and concise and students will lose points for improper grammar, punctuation and misspelling.
  • The paper is to be 5 pages in length, excluding the title, abstract and references page.
  • Incorporate a minimum of 3 current (published within the last five years) scholarly journal articles or primary legal sources (statutes, court opinions) within your work.
  • Journal articles and books should be referenced according to APA style.

Analyze the importance of teaching manding skills to Xavier first


Analyze the importance of teaching manding skills to Xavier first

The study has determined that there are three main targets for intervention for the treatment of autism spectrum disorder. Firstly, Xavier would be targeted for identifying abilities and deficits he is facing during communication. Different methods would be used to manage the patient with autism, including:

  • Teaching Manding
  • Teaching the child to become socially responsive
  • Teaching imitation skills

Teaching Manding

Xavier’s communication skills would be targeted. He would be motivated to analyze the situation of the environment and respond accordingly. It has been determined that Xavier would be able to respond to the environment and this psychological therapy would be able to help treat his autism disorder. Because mands is important for replacing problem behavior, this training would help alleviate some potential bad behavior.

What are the benefits of teaching mands?

There are different benefits of teaching mands such as helping people, especially students, control their environment. The students who are unable to maintain and manage the situation according to their nature and demand can handle it through teaching mands. It has been determined from the research that some children cannot handle social interactions. Those children cannot learn certain skills and their professional and personal life can be compromised. It has been found that mands also help the children in learning other skills, particularly in the case of social interaction. As a result, they also become a valuable part of society.

One benefit is that it can replace bad behavior and lead to better behavior in the future. This would directly help a struggling student who may be showing signs of being a problem. Another benefit of teaching mands to children is that it allows the learner to learn the environment and communicate their needs with other people. It has been found from the study that the cases of autism are increasing day by day, and healthcare professionals are using this technique to treat patients. The adaptation of different skills related to the environment is essential, and teaching mands enables people to adapt environment and problems (Landa, 2017).

How can teaching mands lead to developing skills in other areas of development?

It has been found that teaching mands not only treat patients with autism but also help people in developing different skills. One crucial skill that this psychological treatment can teach is a communication skill that is important for personal and professional life. The people are initially using and utilizing mands for a few things such as juice and pretzels. After getting information about these things, more intervention programs are applied to enhance other development areas. Effective communication can strengthen manding skills and learning opportunities can be increased by teaching manding (Taylor, 2010).

Explain the relationship between manding and challenging behaviors

The purpose of teaching manding is to enhance the behavior of people. It motivates people to learn handling of different types of environments with excellent behavior. Appropriate replacement for the challenging behavior can be done by learning the manding skills. The research has determined that there is a strong relationship between challenging behavior and learning disabilities. But teaching manding to the people helps in training the staff and unprompted vocal mands by children. Thus, it has become clear that there is a strong relationship between manding and challenging behavior (Matson, 2009).



Landa, R. K., Hansen, B., & Alice Shillingsburg, M. (2017). Teaching mands for information using ‘when’ to children with autism. Journal of applied behavior analysis50(3), 538-551.

Matson, J. L., Boisjoli, J., & Mahan, S. (2009). The relation of communication and challenging behaviors in infants and toddlers with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities21(4), 253-261.

Taylor, B. A., & Fisher, J. (2010). Three important things to consider when starting intervention for a child diagnosed with autism. Behavior analysis in practice3(2), 52.

Operations Management Christian Integration Paper

Managing Quality (Chapter 6)
Process Strategy (Chapter 7)
Layout Strategy (Chapter 9)
Supply Chain Management (Chapter 11)
Inventory Management (Chapter 12)
In a minimum of 1,500 words, discuss the following:

Briefly summarize the issue. Note that only a small portion of your paper’s content should be devoted to summarizing the issue.
Respond to the question(s) shown within your selected ethical dilemma (i.e., within the gold box). Please do not respond to the end-of-chapter Discussion Questions.
How can your selected dilemma be addressed from a Christian worldview? In other words, what guidance from a biblical perspective could be applied to understand and possibly resolve the dilemma? The following GCU website may be helpful:
In addition to addressing questions for item 3 above, you may also optionally frame the issue using ethical theories (utilitarianism, Kantian ethics, distributive justice, virtue ethics, and covenantal ethics). Note, however, that the questions in item 3 must still be addressed.
Your paper should have at least six external references (in additional to any biblical citations) to help frame the issue. Cite your references within the body of your paper. No Wikipedia references are allowed.
Submit your file in a Microsoft Word document. Ensure that your last name is in your file name.

Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required.

This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.

You are required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite. A link to the LopesWrite technical support articles is located in Class Resources if you need assistance.

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Final assignment (java programming) | Computer Science homework help


In this activity, you will revisit the Paint program from Module Six. Your original program calculated the amount of paint needed, but depending on the width and height, that value could be a long decimal. Your program will better suit the needs of the user if it can calculate the number of cans needed as an integer value. For example, given that 1 gallon = 1 can of paint, we might expect the Paint program from Module Six to output:

Paint needed: 2.142857142857143 gallons
Cans needed: 3.0 can(s)

You might at first think that you could just cast the gallonsPaintNeeded variable from a double to an integer type. However, that would merely cut off the decimal portion of the value, resulting in an underestimate of the number of cans needed. You might also consider rounding the number, but that would not work for the sample output provided above since normal rounding rules would suggest 2.0 cans, an underestimate. So, the computational problem you are faced with is to calculate the number of cans and round up to the nearest whole number. In order to determine if that method for rounding up exists as part of one of Java’s core classes, we need to consult the documentation. There might be a single method that we can use or we might have to use more than one method.


For this assignment, you will complete the Paint program by adding code that calculates the number of cans of paint needed. Use the Uploading Files to Eclipse and the Downloading Files From Eclipse tutorials to help you with this project.

  1. Consult the official Java documentation for the Math class.
    1. Scroll to the Method Summary section of the Math class and review the methods and their descriptions. Look for a method that will help you.
    2. If a method looks promising, click on its name to see a more detailed description. Pay special attention to the argument(s) and the data type of the return value.
    3. Based on your review, select one or more methods from the Math class to use in your solution.
    4. When using a method from the Math class, use the syntax Math.methodname() when you implement the method. For example, if you decided to use the absolute value method, you would write something like: Math.abs().
  2. Open the Virtual Lab by clicking on the link in the Virtual Lab Access module. Then open your IDE and upload the folder. Review the code for the class. Look for where it says //Complete this code block. Make sure the code you write does the following:
    1. Calculates the number of paint cans needed to paint the wall
    2. Rounds up to the nearest integer (use the test cases below to check your work)
    3. Outputs the number of cans needed for the user

Online discussion behaviorism theory | Education homework help


this is online class and this week we talked about   Behaviorism 

 my post + reply to 3 classmate  

Behaviorism is the belief that instruction is achieved by observable, measurable, and controllable objectives set by the instructor and met by the learners who elicit a specific set of responses based upon a controlled set of stimuli. Behaviorism operates on the principle of stimulus-response and that negative and positive reinforcement increases the probability of behavior/learning. Theorists such as Pavlov, Skinner, and Thorndike are proponents of behaviorism.

Behaviorism does not concern itself with the learner’s internal mental states, constructs, and symbols that cognitivism considers in its focus on learning schemas. With cognitivism, the focus of research is on how the brain receives, internalizes, and recalls information. Behaviorism is not interested in internal mental states, but only in external outputs, learning products, and behavioral change. Behaviorism is not concerned with the willfulness, creativity, and autonomy of the learners that constructivism considers in its focus on the learning process. With constructivism, the focus of research is on how to help learners construct, rather than be controlled by the learning experience. Behaviorism is not interested in any behavior from the students that is not predicted beforehand by the learning objectives and demonstrated by the behavioral outcomes. Unlike humanism, behaviorism is not interested in the self-direction or self-actualization of the learner. It is not concerned about whether individual or social human needs arc met through the educational process, as is humanism. Behaviorism is concerned with learning outputs, with a set of single events controlled by the stimulus-response mechanism versus the learning and thinking that is the focus of humanism. Nevertheless, despite its detractors and opposing schools of learning (cognitivism, constructivism, and humanism), behaviorism is still a powerful force in how children and adults are taught nearly seventy years after Skinner began his research with animals.

Guiding Questions

  • What is learning?  
  • How have Behaviorist approaches impacted teaching and learning and what is their significance?
  • In what ways do this week’s readings connect with your experiences of teaching and learning?


Before attending to this week’s readings, think about the questions above. Much like you would do a K-W-L Chart with your students; determine what you KNOW about the topic and what you WANT to KNOW about the topic. Your R2R Post will indicate what you LEARNED about this week’s content. Refer to the R2R details and the success criteria outlined in the Syllabus.



  • Complete Assigned Readings 
  • Post R2R#3 
  • Comment on at least 3 of your classmates’ posts 
  • Classmate  1 

Hi everyone!

This weeks reading focused on classical theories of learning, including behaviorism and the model of learning. Learning can be defined as knowledge or skill acquired by instruction or study; and also as modification of a behavioral tendency by experience (such as exposure to conditioning).

While reading this week, I stumbled across this quote, “It is most effective to present material in a way that is both interesting and understandable to those who are to learn it.” Phillips, D.C., & Soltis, J.F. (2009). Perspectives on Learning (5th ed.). New York: Teachers College Press. Page 9. There are many things that need to be in place in order to make learning happen. We have been taught that in order for learning to happen students need to have their basic needs met, interested in the topic, material is relevant,  demonstrates confidence, and has the skills necessary to learn; these are only a few examples. 

The model of learning is made up of 3 components; learner inputs, learning agents, and learning outcomes. Learner inputs are skill (knowledge and ability), will (dispositions that affect learning), and thrill (motivations, emotions, and enjoyment of learning). “The inputs develop into the outcomes in achievement (skill) is as valuable as enhancing the dispositions towards learning (will) and as valuable as inviting students to reinvest more into their mastery of learning (thrill or motivations.”  The learning agents are success criteria, environment, and learning strategies. Hattie, John & Donoghue, Greg. (2016). Learning Strategies: A Synthesis and conceptual model. npj Science of Learning. 1. 16013. 10.1038/npjscilearn.2016.13. Page 101.    

Behaviorism is the “theory that human and animal behavior can be explained in terms of conditioning, without appeal to thoughts or feelings, and that psychological disorders are best treated by altering behavior patterns.” Locke along with other behaviorists assumed that humans were biologically “wired” or equipped so that they could interact with the environment, and profit from this interaction. Behaviorism is the belief that conditioning is the single most thing that is responsible for producing learning, throughout the whole kingdom. Rewarding desirable behavior, and extinguishing (or even punishing) poor behavior is one of the techniques. Behavior is something that is learned; good or bad, and is always communication. Behaviorist approaches have impacted teaching and learning, it has changed what we teach and how we teach, and also how the students learn. Every student is different, and has their way of learning. Using the behavioral approach and paying attention to your students really helps when assessing if they are learning as you intended. 

This weeks reading definitely connect with my experiences teaching AND learning. I am a teacher of students with autism. After reading this week I have seen that I see behaviorism in my classroom daily. Behaviors are a huge part of autism and I have learned so much about my students through their behaviors. I have absolutely rewarded students for positive behaviors, and have used planned ignoring in attempt to extinguish poor behaviors. Behavior is communication, we have all heard that probably a million times. My experiences have proven that to be true, my non-verbal students communicate through their behaviors, and my verbal students also communicate through behaviors. Knowing this allows me to plan better and how to respond to them. 

I enjoyed this weeks reading, and look forward to reading everyone’s posts.

How have Behaviorist approaches impacted teaching and learning and what is their significance?

classmate  2


Learning is taking something you already know through experience and building from it to form a new understanding. It is important to me that learning starts with prior knowledge. Thorndike and Plato, also believed that prior knowledge was a reality and important for learning to take place. Whenever I teach a new subject I find that students more times than not have prior knowledge of a subject or knowledge that puts them in a position to understand a topic. I activate prior knowledge with a journal where students with no real support from me have to answer certain questions. It kind of freaks them out sometimes if I ask them a question and they are unsure of the answer because they want to get the right answer. What I try to convey to them is they usually have some part of an answer and they just need assistance from myself or other students to develop the best understanding. 

When it comes to developing that best understanding what is important is the teacher understanding how learning best occurs. Hattie and Donoghue lay out for us, their model of learning.  With in their model is what they have coined “Skill, will, and thrill.” 

“The model starts with three inputs, the thrill, skill, and will….Each of these inputs and more desirably the outputs…are open to being influenced by teaching both directly and indirectly, both intentionally and unintentionally.” I have never heard a teacher or administrator use thrill, skill or will or reference this work, it is kind of new but it is a reflection of most advice given to teachers. Teachers that want to succeed have to try and understand their students in order for them to learn. If you do not understand the skills they already have, their determination  to accomplish a task, or the enjoyment they may get out of certain learning over others or what gives them that enjoyment then your practice will not stick with the kids the ways in which you would want. 

Behaviorists know the importance of at least part of the skill, thrill, and will. They want to achieve the right outputs from students yes but they primarily focus on the stimuli they provide and not external factors outside of their control. Behaviorism is rooted in psychology and when psychology was trying to gain legitimacy by conducting  experiments that were very scientific in nature. This reminded me when I worked in an elementary school and we used Classroom Dojo.  Dojo is an application or website that assigns students an avatar and they can receive or lose points. I used this system for a year before I noticed and other teachers told me that I have to make  sure the sound of my phone is on.  Students gaining points and losing points have different tones. Regardless if students know if they are giving points or not the tone can cause them to change their behavior.  Learning that and practicing it made me feel uneasy because I felt like I was treating them like Pavlo’s dog. 

I enjoyed the work of Thorndike because he really believes in making sure students need to understand the purpose of their learning. Phillips and Soltis also support the importance of students being able to see how their skills work together. I always believed English and Social Studies worked well and supported one another. In my classroom students recently completed a unit that allowed them to explore different aspects of identity and how they impact people and their perspectives.  It allowed students to make connections with yes historical figures and authors as well themselves and their classmates. I would like to think that since their learning was usable in so may different areas that they found it more beneficial than a stand alone unit. 

classmate 3


People believe that learning is just what the student is being taught but true learning is found in a model. Hattie and Donoghue (2016) describe a learning model “comprises the following three component: learner inputs, learning agents, and learning outcomes.” (p.99) Much of learning focuses on the first part which is learner inputs. This part is where you find the skill of the student, their will, and the thrill of learning. When you take into account all three of those pieces, you can find the best way to get the student started at their most successful place. From there the teacher then uses and tries different learning agents in which there is an abundant number to try from. The educator does want to think about the learning that takes place at two different levels. The first one is factual-content which is more surface level learning, which is critical when moving on to the next level which is integrated and relational (deep) level. When you take a look at all these different parts and how they fit together, that is when you get learning.

Another view on learning comes from Plato where he believes that “knowledge is innate, it is in place in the mind at birth.” (Phillips and Soltis, 2009, p.10) The knowledge that a student learns is only because that is what they were born already knowing, but needing to be retaught to them. Then there was Locke’s model where he believed that, “the newborn baby knows nothing, but it immediately states to have experiences of its environment via its sense.” (Phillips and Soltis 2009, p. 14) From that point those experiences build on each other which then produces complex ideas that they now know. This lends itself well to what Hattie and Donoghue were talking about because having that background knowledge is critical to build more complex learning opportunities. 

The Behaviorist approach doesn’t care much for “how new knowledge is acquired; instead it was: How is new behavior acquired.” (Phillips and Soltis 2009, p. 23) They wanted to study how student behaviors impact their learning and can they be led to do specific behaviors that will show they are successful. This has impacted learning because teachers now focus much of their time on behavior strategies to get the students to do what they want and when they want it done. Teachers often do that with a reward or reinforcement. That then starts to take away part of the learning model which is the will and thrill of learning. 

The first reading I did this week was by Hattie and Donoghue which was about the learning model and its different parts. As I read that, I made some connections to my own classroom. One example would be, “More often than not, a student must have sufficient surface knowledge before moving to deep learning and then to the transfer of these understandings.” (Hattie and Donoghue, 2016, p. 105) When I am getting ready to teach a lesson, I take on the assumption that they have very little background knowledge. This means that I do things such as focus on key vocabulary, give them some real life examples in visual form, and have them summarize the information from that lesson. However, at times I do recall lessons not going well because I tried to just jump right into that deeper learning which I didn’t set them up for. That is why this chapter really made an impact on me because it led me to reflect on my own teachings which is something I do consistently.  Hattie and Donoghue (2016) stated, “It is also our observation that the teaching of ‘learning’ has diminished to near extinction in many teacher education programs.” (p. 98) Being in the classroom, it has become clear over time that teaching and learning are two very different things but do go hand in hand. Thinking back to the classes that I took for my degree, I would have to agree with Hattie and Donoghue because I don’t recall there being much of a difference taught between the two in my classes. With my real life experience, I find that it does not set future teachers or students up for immediate success.

Starbucks case study | Accounting homework help

Below are the rest of the questions from Starbucks Case Study 
– Assess the competitive environment (analysis of the strengths of the competitors), with consideration of success factors for the industry
– Based on the Corporate strategy what should be the business level strategy for each SBU (see mini-lecture for help or chapter 7). Use the organizational structure from the Annual Report for SBUs recognition and BCG product portfolio analysis for identifying investment opportunities for each SBU.
Refer to the performance (share price and key financial statistics) of the company, as to point out the strategic problem.
Strategy and the environment are said to be dynamic. The strategy influences the stakeholders and the stockholders influence the strategy. For example when analyzing customer segments, firm’s identify the their target market that have buying behaviors are synergistic with the firm’s resource and capabilities and their strategic direction. They hire employees that have the knowledge to support the strategy. Similarly they form relationships with their channels and suppliers to help leverage their current resources and implement their strategy. Even stakeholders look at the firm and its strategy to assess the value of the organization (this value can be for value that they add for each stakeholder) and its long term viability In your discussion of the strategy of the firm discuss these factors and the impact of the strategy on each of the firm’s stakeholders.
– recommendation of the strategy addressing strategic problem(s)
– implementation
– evaluation and control
(see appendix 12C).

Homework 2 excel project | Management homework help

Please read the direction.

also, do this for each. I will fill in the blanks


1. Make sure the following information is in cell A41:


OO Your name


OO Your email address


OO Your student number


OO Course name and number


OO Project number (584801)


Pros and cons of regional trade agreements | international economics

Regional trade agreements (RTAs) between two or more countries have become important institutions in the world economy (e.g., the North American Free Trade Agreement [NAFTA], the European Union [EU], and the ASEAN Free Trade Agreement [AFTA]). Evaluate the different types of RTAs. What are the main functions of RTAs? Are RTAs stepping stones or obstacles of the trading system? Discuss the pros and cons of RTAs. Are you in favor of or against RTAs? Explain your reasoning.

Your initial post should be a minimum of 300 words.