prepare and submit a term paper on Analysis of a New Reservation Protocol in Optical Burst Switched Networks.

You will prepare and submit a term paper on Analysis of a New Reservation Protocol in Optical Burst Switched Networks. Your paper should be a minimum of 1250 words in length. The article discusses the new signalling technique, INI, which provide a new reservation for the optical burst networks. It provides a framework for OSN which provide guidelines on the performance of the signalling techniques on the different parameters in the framework (Vokkarane, b 20). There are two signalling techniques which are common in optical burst switching, namely one-way based just-enough- time and two-way based tell-and-wait. The latter has a shortcoming in that it suffers from high-end-to-end packets delay while the former suffers from a high packet loss. This calls for a hybrid that is flexible enough for the high loss and delay (Jue and Vokkarane, 1198). Vokkarane offers a blended signalling system which is known as the intermediate-node-initiated (INI) signalling for optical burst-switch networks (1,b). This protocol is favored as it can provide both the two way and one way based on signalling techniques (Chaubey, Lagadapati, Shekhawat and Tyagi 126-127). In the new protocol, reservation of channels is set off at a midway node (initiating node), in a simultaneous front and backward direction (Nejabati 8). INI selects the initiating node to stimulate both TAW and JET. This makes it possible for INI to perform better than TAW in regard to the average end-to-end packets delay. It also functions well than JET, in terms of burst loss of packets.

The IT industry has spontaneously grown over the last decades. This has been marked by an increase in the demand for Internet services. The result has been a massive demand for higher transmission rates and faster switching technologies (Chen, Qiao and Yu 1). One of the best frameworks to meet this enormous demand is the Internet Protocol over WDM. This is a technology that can support the bandwidth and flexibility requirement of the future networks (Vokkarane, b 1). IP over optical burst switching (OBS) is one of the methods that can be&nbsp.used to transport traffic directly over a WDM network that is devoid of a buffer.

prepare and submit a paper on the history of information security.

Your assignment is to prepare and submit a paper on the history of information security. The traditional information security techniques that were used in ancient Egypt such as data hiding, watermarking, and cryptography, are some of the basic notions, and they do play a significant role in the development of the information security sector algorithms and solutions. A new trend in information security includes biometric technologies that deliver good security levels nowadays. It is easy to combine the traditional techniques with biometrics so as to realize much resilient security levels. The field of technology in line with information security has continued to develop in leaps since ancient times (Blackwood 396). Despite the fact that not all companies or organizations have been in a position to embrace the latest security systems, information security will surely grow to a greater height.

Information security is a concept that is broad than technology. It involves protecting information and relevant information systems from access that is not authorized or use, disclose, disrupt, and destroy vital information. There has never been some struggle or effort to come up with an all-inclusive history regarding information security (Blackwood 97). This is quite unfortunate simply because information security should be taken as a set of vessels that are communicating, where the technical inventions can make the prevailing organizational frame-works obsolescent, and a failure of political authority may lead to a special dependence on the technical means. The aim of this paper is to critically analyze the history of information security from Ancient Egypt to the present day.

Egypt is one of the most talked-about civilizations in the world. Ranging from its quest for development in agriculture, trade, and industry, the country had also a great interest in technological development especially in information security. The development of the forms of information security in Egypt has been stepwise. One main form that was used is encryption. This is the process of converting messages or data into a form that is not readable to any person except apart from&nbsp.the intended recipient of the information.

Create a 5 pages page paper that discusses problems and control of air pollution.

Create a 5 pages page paper that discusses problems and control of air pollution. For instance, the discovery of vehicles paves the way for environmental pollution particularly on the quality of air. In addition, the problem of air pollution is getting worst. For instance, as there are many factories instituted that are producing large volumes of combined smoke and fog into the atmosphere, the air is significantly reduced to terrible quality. Not only that, the emission of harmful chemicals and even greenhouse gases continue to dominate the atmosphere which substantially has been pointed out as potential reasons for the global warming issue. There are many things therefore that need to be learned about air pollution and it is important to consider each of them in order to understand the appropriate things to be done in order to alleviate and totally eradicate them. Air pollution, therefore, is not just an ordinary issue or problem. Humans for instance primarily rely on oxygen from the air, but they need to take a clean and substantial amount of it. Thus, this is the reason why it is important to have air which must be free from a significant level of pollution.

In this paper, the proponent tries to consider a critical evaluation of air pollution and its possible effects including some of their particular solutions in order to potentially alleviate or eliminate it.

Just like any other form of environmental problem, air pollution has significant effects. There are potentially two major effects of air pollution. The first is about the personal effect which means a direct impact on humans and the second one is the direct consequence to the environment (Colls, 2002, p. 388. Mallette, 2007).

Under personal effects, one of them pertains to human health. Unclean air seems to be one of the reasons why there are many people experiencing poor health conditions including those that are relevant to human respiratory concerns. The body needs to have clean air that should be required in its healthy functioning. In the presence of air pollution, the body therefore would react to this entire condition as it essentially needs clean air.

Complete 5 pages APA formatted article: 3D Printing Technology.

Complete 5 pages APA formatted article: 3D Printing Technology. How enchantment 3D printing innovation is! Clearly 3D printing innovation gives a successful answer for the therapeutic business, and it was effective to spare an existence. The genuine force of 3D printing innovation is making things you can purchase, as well as makes things one cannot obtain. This genuine force opened another business sector to individuals.

&nbsp. &nbsp. &nbsp. &nbsp. “3D printing is a procedure of making three dimensional strong articles from a computerized document. It all begins with making a virtual outline of the item you go for making. This virtual outline is made in a CAD (Computer-Aided Design) record utilizing a 3D displaying system (for the formation of an absolutely new protest) or the utilization of a 3D scanner (to duplicate a current item). This scanner makes a 3D advanced duplicate of an article and has in a 3D demonstrating project.”

&nbsp. &nbsp. &nbsp. &nbsp. 3D printing has another name – additive manufacturing. We all realize that the vast majority of the garments are created in processing plants abroad in colossal amounts. Notwithstanding, by utilizing the 3D printing innovation, glasses, a toy auto, and a couple of shoes, you should do nothing more than to press the print key. 3D printing develops protests by heaping progressive material layers. That is the motivation behind the specialized moniker. 3D printing innovation is a capable instrument, which is not just rearranged the entangled creation on time and cost, additionally changes shoppers conduct that items from mass assembling yet making a constrained run of an item moderate.

&nbsp. &nbsp. &nbsp. &nbsp. &nbsp.3D printing innovation bring down the unpredictability of generation, for instance, knives and people are acquired by metal, the creation includes manufacturing, bowing, and cutting. In any case, knives and people can be created by 3D printers in one single procedure. In the meantime, I can plan knives&nbsp.and people in toon character for CAD and print my novel knives and people.

write an article on fan message board Paper must be at least 1250 words.

Hi, I am looking for someone to write an article on fan message board Paper must be at least 1250 words. Please, no plagiarized work! Anonymity, an important aspect of the message board genre, can dispute the truthfulness, reliability, and intention of the content or information posted on the board (Tancer para 3). The Internet provides fans numerous communication channels to pass on or share information. Message boards are still one of the more widespread communication channels on the World Wide Web, particularly for the fan community. Message boards give fans the chance to communicate conveniently and at will with one another through content posting or public forum. If a large number of fans take part or view these boards, the volume of content that can be communicated or exchanged is enormous. With a simple mouse click and strokes on the keyboard, message boards communicate one’s ideas, observations, and interests to other involved viewers or users anywhere and anytime.

Message boards are a perfect medium for fans who want to communicate with others who have the same preferences or likings. Angelina Jolie fan pages, especially ‘Angelina Jolie Fan’, ‘Angelina Jolie Place’, and ‘Team Jolie’, extensively use message boards as a communication channel for fans of the Hollywood actress all over the world. But how do message boards work as a fan genre? This paper analyzes how Angelina Jolie’s fan community makes use of message boards as a communication medium, focusing on the content, structure, and language.

Before posting content on the message board that will be read across the globe, there are several essential aspects to remember and understand the structure of message boards. Even though there are message boards that are restricted to public viewing, almost all message boards can be publicly accessed or viewed. Hence, when one posts content to&nbsp.the Internet, it will be published for all users to read. The one who posted the content does not have control who will view or read his/her post, or who could use parts of it for other purposes.

Write 5 pages thesis on the topic dance of religion and politics in american culture.

Write 5 pages thesis on the topic dance of religion and politics in american culture. As stated by Sunstein, the US government should allow a greater power to the citizens in order to promote the opportunity of free speech (2-10). The book also suggests that freedom of speech and expression is the concept that provides an opportunity to express oneself freely in front of the society. Correspondingly, freedom can be expressed through word of mouth or contrarily, it can be expressed through literature, art, and medium of communication among others (Sunstein 2-10).

The book titled “Democracy and the Problem of Free Speech” provides a fundamental understanding of democracy and problems that are associated with free speech in the US. In the modern era, democracy and right of free speech have emerged as the most essential factors for citizens of modern civilization. The term ‘democracy’, as defined in the book, refers to a co-operating system of the US government, which is generally established by the people of an entire civilization or by eligible members of a state or nation. Democracy can also be defined as a typical system through which, a state or nation chooses its leaders or representatives so that different operations conducted within the US are managed as well as controlled on the basis of desired standards. As observed by Sunstein, several countries have emphasized towards democracy and freedom of speech in order to develop social deliverance. In this regard, social movements are developed with the aim of promoting the political campaign through media (Medhurst 195-212). Similarly, several nations have been observed to be involved in political campaigns in order to choose better leaders and accordingly, emphasized towards the free &nbsp.&nbsp.speech. It has been identified that the promotion of political campaign with the assistance of advertisement, celebrity endorsement and debate among others assists in enhanced functioning of democracy.

research paper on cybercrime and privacy. Needs to be 5 pages.

Need an research paper on cybercrime and privacy. Needs to be 5 pages. Please no plagiarism. The internet-related crimes are fast spreading across the globe and have become transnational in nature, transcending beyond geographical boundaries, thus making it far more difficult to restrict, prevent, or investigate such occurrences and persecute the perpetrators. Although the law enforcement agencies have enacted several policies and set up legal departments to track and prohibit malicious use of the internet by the cybercriminals, there is still a serious lack of effective resources and infrastructure to dissuade cybercriminals from engaging in such crimes (Wall, 2007).

Online fraud and identity theft have been a big part of our society today. Laws planned for the censorship of the internet has been rejected and ineffective. Cybercriminals are out there, committing crimes without anything holding them back. Laws created for this main purpose have been unenforceable because they could infringe upon the internet users’ right to privacy. However, adjustments need to be made to stop cybercrime, but they also need to be reasonable in terms of the rights of internet users. Adjustments to increase internet security needs to be made in ways that would not hinder the growth of the web. This paper aims to discuss and analyze various issues related to cybercrime and the manner in which such crimes lead to a negative impact on the people as well as society as a whole.

The issue of cybercrime has been growing consistently and is now known to be one of the most serious and globally recognized internet crimes in recent times, causing millions of dollars worth of losses every year in the U.S. According to the Cyber Crime Report (2011) conducted by Symantec, it is estimated that cybercrime has amounted to a total of $338 billion over the past year (Symantec, 2011).


Choosing a System Security Software for Business Organizations. The work is to be 5 pages with three to five sources, with in-text citations and a reference page. Executive management should acquire updated, reliable, and efficient security software. This helps to secure their important data and prevent trespass of information by competitors and enemies of the company (Kleidermacher, 2012).

I will pay for the following article Choosing a System Security Software for Business Organizations. The work is to be 5 pages with three to five sources, with in-text citations and a reference page. Executive management should acquire updated, reliable, and efficient security software. This helps to secure their important data and prevent trespass of information by competitors and enemies of the company (Kleidermacher, 2012).

There are numerous types of security risks, which may attack the organization’s systems. Internet security risks and hacking are the dominant security risks that greatly cause a significant loss of important information (Buckley & Clark, 2009). For instance, an organization’s systems may be attacked by malware. According to the Perimeter E-Security report in 2009, the malware was among the top highest threats of the organization’s systems. According to an FBI report in 2009, the cybercrime revenue exceeded drug trafficking revenue by over one billion annual profit. Secondly, an organization’s systems may be attacked by malicious insiders who get access to confidential information of the organization. In 2009, it was listed as the top organizations’ system threat. Other possible security risks include exploited vulnerabilities, careless employees, zero-day exploits, and cloud computing security threats.

To protect the organization’s information, security software is essential in the information system of each organization. Good information security software should adequately protect the organization’s information from an unauthorized person. This ensures that malicious and destructive spyware and emails do not intrude into the information system of the organization. There are varieties of system security programs in the market, but the organization’s executive should embrace the most reliable, protective, secure, and effective security software. In addition, the selected system security software should be available in the market and completely compatible with the organization’s&nbsp.system. The software should be affordable and maintainable within the organization (Bowen, Chew & Hash, 2007).

write an article on Journalism and Mass Media. It needs to be at least 1250 words.

Hello, I am looking for someone to write an article on Journalism and Mass Media. It needs to be at least 1250 words. Biased information is not the final truth, and in the case where the media owner influences the kind of information to be issued, then the media fails in being independent (, 2013).

The norm of objectivity is made up of two components. One such component is depersonalization, which is a requirement stipulating that when issuing a report or information, a journalist should never express his or her own views, evaluations or believes for this may lead to the delivery of biased information. The second component balances, which involves presenting opinions of agents from both sides of a controversy, and by all means avoiding favouring one side. The policy of objectivity requires that when dealing with authoritative sources like politicians, a journalist should report the views of these sources in a way that proves that they are not favouring any one side (, 2013).

The objectivity policy helps in making sure that the public is protected from biased information that may mislead them when making decisions. Sometimes the information to be reported might not be in conjunction with their beliefs or evaluations, and the policy helps in presenting the truth to the public during such instances. Under the responsible journalism system, the public enjoys transparency in different arms of the government and the corporate sector. Socially responsible journalism ensures that journalists working in different departments are careful about the kind of information they present to the public (, 2013).

Balance, which is part of the objectivity policy of journalism, helps in making sure that journalists give the exact information about any authoritative source of information like the government. Through perfect reporting about the activities of the government, the public is in a position to scrutinize and put the government. Such information becomes useful to the public when voting in the next government (, 2013).

prepare and submit a paper on it’s strategic business role.

Your assignment is to prepare and submit a paper on it’s strategic business role. IT implementation proves largely augmentative to competitive business advantage but also tends to expose businesses to unwanted risks. The greatest risk posed by IT stems from its greatest advantage – simpler and easier accessibility. Enhanced accessibility allows a business to be better connected but it also presents the risk of unwanted intrusions. Since most information in the IT regime is stored in digital formats on computers, it is far easier to pry into confidential information stored on a company’s servers. No matter how much the IT industry tries to beef up its security, loopholes will always remain as new information is discovered (Olsen, 2012).

Another risk posed by IT is the overwhelming dependence it creates in the organization. Typically when a business implements an IT regime, the most basic of functions are transferred over to computers citing their efficiency. However, in case these systems break down for any number of reasons, alternative methods of work are not available. Essentially, the overwhelming dependence on computing leaves an entire business stagnated when its IT infrastructure collapses. The recent problems caused by Hurricane Sandy to IT infrastructure speak volumes of the inadequacy of dealing with a failed IT system.

The argument presented above can be extended further to indicate that IT implementation tends to eliminate redundancies in a system. When business organizations are looking towards competitive advantage under the IT regime, they tend to remove system redundancies as a means of promoting efficiency. However, the results are not always desirable given also the fact that certain redundancies that are still left are open for computers to decide about. In the regime of human business affairs, computers cannot be expected to take onto ethical and moral dilemmas no matter how advanced fuzzy logic ends up becoming&nbsp.(Warf & Stutz, 2007).